Writing the ARP--a little history
Posted on Sunday August 05, 2018 at 12:23PM
I am writing my ARP (Applied Research Paper) for my MBA in Community Economic Development (CED). I've been working towards this final assignment for 4 years--and I am having a blast. As part of my research, I am reviewing Council Minutes in both Carlyle and Manor, beginning my comparison in 1925--the first year for which there are comparable records. It is my hope that by learning about the impacts historical decision making--with the benefit of hindsight--I can learn what practices work to support community development, and what decisions work against long term sustainability.
It has been a fascinating read so far. Aside from interesting decisions--like Council forbidding hogs in town (Carlyle) in 1929, and Manor holding its rate payers meetings at the King George Tavern for the first few years, there are some definite differences emerging already.
Carlyle was settled by the English in the late 1800's, many years before Manor became a village. Manor's earliest residents consisted of workers who were engaged to build the railway. Manor was a planned settlement its location chosen by the railway because, being on a higher elevation, the trains could make a running start downhill from either direction. It was common according to the 1931 census that there were "many cases of townsites planned prior to the arrival of even a single resident", and this appears to be the case with Manor, although I haven't been able to prove that for certain.
In 1902, both places were incorporated as villages, with Carlyle having a population of 23, and Manor having a population of 27. At the time of the census in 1931, Carlyle, now a town (1905) had a population of 480, and Manor had a population of 219. Carlyle also leased land from the Department of Indian Affairs and had a significant number of people living at Carlyle Lake, (now White Bear Lake). I assume, until I find out different, that the population included both of these areas.
Other things to note:
Population in the province boomed from around 90,000 to around 780,000 between 1902, and 1912 due to immigration. Immigration continued over the next decade, although the growth wasn't as fast. By 1931, the birth rate exceeded the death rate, and the population grew a little more organically.
Mill rate in 1925 not including education portion.
Manor, 18 mills.
Carlyle, 38 mills.
Provincially, according to the census in 1931, few girls finished high school the majority dropping out between the ages of 10, and 14. It was speculated they quit school to either work at home or to get married. Boys often dropped out to go to work.
Illiteracy in the province was seen as particular problem, more so in rural areas, where they were noted to be "15 years behind" the urban population. It is important to note that this illiteracy was attributed in part to census takers noting people were illiterate when they could not speak English, and that illiteracy was prevalent in adults where they would have come to Canada, and not had access to education.
So what does it mean? I haven't gotten that far yet. If you would like to read the final report when it is finished, let me know and I'll make sure you get a copy.
Author: Solomon Matthewson Consulting
Great idea, Lori. Good luck with your ARP -- I will read your blog and await your paper with great interest!
Posted on Tuesday August 07, 2018 at 11:20PM by
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